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What is stomach cancer: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

28 marzo, 2024

He stomach cancer It is a condition of abnormal cell growth in the stomach.

The stomach is part of the body’s digestive system and is located in the upper part of the abdomen.

The 2 main types of stomach cancer are:

Gastric adenocarcinoma (gastric cancer) — the most common type

Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST)

Stomach cancer is a relatively common cancer in Australia. It is rarely diagnosed in people under 60 years of age and affects more men than women.

What are the symptoms of stomach cancer?

Some people get stomach cancer without having any symptoms. Some people have symptoms such as:

stomach acidity or abdominal pain

nausea and/or vomiting


unexplained weight loss

abdomen swelling

Some have blood in their vomit or black stools from bleeding in the stomach.

What causes stomach cancer?

The causes of stomach cancer are unknown, but it is more common in people who:

They are over 60 years old


are infected with the bacteria helicobacter pylori

eat a lot of smoked, pickled and salty foods and do not eat a lot of fresh fruits and vegetables

have chronic stomach problems such as polyps or gastritis (inflammation of the stomach)

have a family history of stomach cancer

How is stomach cancer diagnosed?

Your doctor will talk to you and examine you. You may be referred for testing to understand your symptoms and reach a diagnosis.

Tests may include:

Endoscopy, where a thin tube with a camera on the end is passed through the throat and esophagus to view the digestive tract

blood test

Stool sample

endoscopic ultrasound of the inside of your stomach and other parts

imaging scans of the stomach and nearby organs, such as x-rays, computed tomography (CT) scans, or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

take a tissue sample (biopsy) from the stomach wall

stomach cancer

How will my stomach cancer be treated?

Treatment for stomach cancer depends on the stage of your disease, the severity of your symptoms, and your overall health. Options include:

Surgery to remove part or all of the stomach (partial or total gastrectomy)


Chemotherapy to destroy cancer cells

targeted therapy, which attacks specific characteristics of cancer cells

Immunotherapy, which helps your immune system fight cancer

Treatment may be more effective if the cancer is in its early stages, although early stomach cancer may not cause symptoms

Can stomach cancer be prevented?

You can reduce your risk by:

don’t smoke or quit smoking

eat a diet rich in fresh vegetables and fruits and low in smoked, pickled, and salted foods

detection and treatment of helicobacter pylori infection

I have been diagnosed with stomach cancer. What I can do?

If you have recently been diagnosed with stomach cancer, you may feel overwhelmed, scared, anxious and upset. These are all normal feelings. Seek support from family and friends; and ask your doctor to refer you to relevant local services and support groups.